Timeframe

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– June 7, 1982 to December 1, 1990: Presidency of Hissene HabrĂ© in Chad. The current President Idriss DĂ©by seizes power and HabrĂ© goes into exile in Senegal.

– May 1992: a National inquiry commission in Chad accuses Mr Habré’s regime of 40,000 political killings and systematic torture.

– Jan. 26, 2000 in Dakar: Seven Chadian victims file a first complaint against Hissene HabrĂ©, who is charged with torture and crimes against humanity.

– 4 July 2000: The Court of Appeal of Dakar deems that it does not have jurisdiction as the crimes were not committed in Senegal. First halt to the procedure.

– November 30, 2000: In Brussels, three Belgian victims of Chadian origin file complaints against Mr. HabrĂ©. After an investigation of nearly four years, the former president is accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture and serious violations of international humanitarian law. Belgium issues an international arrest warrant.

– November 2005: The Senegalese authorities arrest Mr. HabrĂ© on the basis of a Belgian extradition request. He is released ten days later, the Court of Appeal of Dakar had declared it did not have jurisdiction to hear the request for extradition.

– July 2006: The African Union, seized by Senegal on the procedures to be followed, requests that the latter try HabrĂ© “on behalf of Africa”. The following year, Senegal adopts a law to prosecute international crimes even when committed outside the national territory.

– February 2009: Belgium seizes the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and asks the court to make a decision on Senegal’s obligation to “prosecute or extradite” Mr. HabrĂ©.

– July 20, 2012: The ICJ calls on Senegal to prosecute or extradite Mr. HabrĂ©.

– November 18, 2012: Meanwhile, seized by Mr. Habre, the Court of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS Court) says that the mandate given to Senegal by the African Union to try Mr. HabrĂ© can be carried out before a “special or ad hoc jurisdiction or one with an international scope”.

– August 22, 2012: Senegal and the African Union sign the agreement confirming the creation of the Extraordinary African Chambers.

– February 8, 2013: Official opening of EAC in Dakar.

– July 2, 2013: The instruction chamber of the EAC indicts Mr. HabrĂ© for war crimes, crimes against humanity and torture. The former Chadian president is remanded in Dakar.

–          February 13, 2015. After eleven months of investigation, the EAC indicts Hissein Habre and sends him for trial on charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture committed in Chad under his regime.

–          March 25, 2015. The criminal court of N’Djamena, capital of Chad, condemns twenty former agents of the DDS, including two in absentia, and pronounces significant reparations for the victims.

–          July 20, 2015. The Hissein Habre trial opens before the EAC in Dakar. His defence refusing to appear at the hearing, the court appoints three Senegalese lawyers and the trial is postponed to September 7.

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